5 Elements of Organizing in Management

5 Elements of Organizing in Management

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Written By Anuj Kumar

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Elements of Organizing in Management

The organizational structure shows the corporate communication, and the executive and managerial hierarchy, and creates a plan for efficient growth in the future.

For managers, organizing is deciding how best to group organizational elements for a variety of structural possibilities. Managers must understand the best combination for the organization’s structure.

There are six basic building blocks that managers can use in constructing an organization which are also known as elements of organizing or organizational structure:

  1. Designing Jobs
  2. Departmentalization
  3. Establishing Reporting Relationships between Jobs
  4. Distributing Authority
  5. Differentiating Between Positions
Elements of Organizing
Elements of Organizing

Designing Jobs

Job design is the first building block of organizational Structure. It means defining an individual’s responsibilities at work. Job design involves defining areas of decision-making responsibility, identifying goals and expectations, and establishing appropriate indicators of success. There are many tools available to a manager for designing jobs:

  1. Job Specialization
  2. Job Characteristics Model (JCM)
  3. Work Teams
  4. Job Rotation
  5. Job Enlargement
  6. Job Enrichment


Departmentalization is a grouping of jobs according to some logical arrangement, the second building block of organization structure.

Departmentalisation refers to the formal structure of the organization, composed of various departments and managerial positions and their relationships with each other. As an organization grows, its departments grow and more sub-units are created, which in turn add more levels of management.

This often creates less flexibility, adaptability, and units of action within the firm. Departmentalisation is the efficient and effective grouping of jobs into meaningful work units to coordinate numerous jobs-all for the expeditious accomplishment of the organization’s objectives.

Types of departmentalization in management:

  1. Functional Departmentalization
  2. Product Departmentalization
  3. Customer Departmentalization
  4. Departmentalization by Process
  5. Departmentalization by Task Force
  6. Location or Territory Departmentalization
  7. Matrix Departmentalization

Establishing Reporting Relationships between Jobs

The establishment of reporting relationships among positions is the third basic element of organizing. The establishment of reporting relationships indicates; clarifying the chain of command and the span of management.

The chain of command shows a clear distinct line of author among the positions and the span of management indicates the number of people who report to a particular manager. Here; the organization’s hierarchy, its positions, and lines are defined.

Distributing Authority

Distributing Authority is another important building block in structuring organizations. Authority in the organization is the right in a position and, through it, the right of the person occupying the position to exercise discretion in making decisions affecting others.

Authority is the power that has been legitimized by the organization. Here; the determination of how authority is to be distributed among positions. Distributing authority in the organization means; giving decision power to employees.

A warehouse manager must have the authority to check the quality of the material coming and storing, to record the events in the storage, to check and report on the quantity of material, and much more. But he cannot make a decision on deciding the selling price for them.

That’s why the proper distribution of authority throughout the organization is required for the smooth sailing of the organization. Two specific issues that managers must address when distributing authority are delegation and decentralization.

Differentiating Between Positions

Differentiating between line and staff positions in the organization is the last building block of the organization structure. A line position is in the direct chain of command also responsible for the achievement of an organization’s goal.

On the contrary; a staff position is there only to provide expert advice, and support for line positions. However; in modern organizations, these differences are very less; in some cases, the difference is eliminated.

Organizational structure is the formal pattern of interactions and coordination designed by management to link the tasks of individuals and groups in achieving organizational goals.

FAQ Related to Elements of Organizing in Management

What are the elements of organizing?

These are the elements of organizing in management:
1. Designing Jobs
2. Departmentalization
3. Establishing Reporting Relationships between Jobs
4. Distributing Authority
5. Differentiating Between Positions.

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