Strategic Planning Process

Strategic Planning Process These are the steps of the strategic planning process: Input to Organization Various Inputs (People, Capital, Management and Technical skills, others) including goals input of claimants (Employees, Consumers, Suppliers, Stockholders, Government, Community and others)need to be elaborated. Industry Analysis Formulation of strategy requires the evaluation of the attractiveness of an industry by … Read more

Limitations of MBO

MBO is not a panacea, for organizational problems. Quite often many organizations look at MBO as an instant solution to their problems. They fail to recognize that MBO demands careful planning and proper implementation. Many organizations have been overwhelmed by the problems of MBO. Some of the problems are present in the MBO system itself … Read more

Process of MBO

MBO programs can vary enormously. Some are designed for use in a subunit, while others are used for the organization as a whole. The particular methods and approaches that managers use in an MBO program will differ. There also may be wide differences in emphasis. Therefore the process of MBO requires rigorous analysis, clarity and … Read more

Features of MBO

MBO stands for Management by Objectives, which is a management approach where managers and employees work together to define and set specific, measurable, and achievable goals for an organization. Features of MBO These are the features of MBO explained below: MBO as a Philosophy MBO is a philosophy of management. It is more than a … Read more

Management by Objectives: Definitions, Features, Objectives, Processes, Advantages, Limitations

What is Management by Objectives? Management by objectives (MBO), also known as management by results (MBR), is a process of defining objectives within an organization so that management and employees agree to the objectives and understand what they need to do in the organization in order to achieve them. MBO is difficult to define. Organizations … Read more

Decision-Making Process

A decision-making process is a systematic approach to identifying and choosing the best alternative from a set of available options. It involves a series of steps that are followed to arrive at a final decision. The process typically includes problem identification, information gathering, evaluation of alternatives, selection of the best alternative, and implementation of the … Read more

Limitations of Planning

Planning is a crucial aspect of decision-making, but it also has certain limitations that must be considered. These limitations of planning include issues such as uncertainty, complexity, and resource constraints, which can affect the accuracy and effectiveness of a plan. Additionally, the changing nature of the environment, as well as unforeseen events, can also impact … Read more

Objectives of Planning

Planning is important because it enables the organization to survive and grow in the dynamic, changing environment. Planning is the basis of the distinction between successful and unsuccessful organizations. In a dynamic environment, planning helps in scanning environmental changes and forecasting the future. Objectives of Planning These are some important objectives of planning briefly explained … Read more

5 Stages of Internationalization

Stages of Internationalization These are the various stages of internationalization which explained below: Domestic Company First Stages of Internationalization: Most international companies have their origin as domestic companies. The orientation of a domestic company essentially is ethnocentric. A purely domestic company operates domestically because it never considers the alternative of going international. The growing stage-one … Read more

Exporting: Meaning, Types, Licensing, Direct and Indirect Export

What is Exporting? The term export is derived from the conceptual meaning as to ship goods and services out of the port of a country. The seller of such goods and services is referred to as an “exporter” who is based in the country of export whereas the overseas-based buyer is referred to as an … Read more